Warren County Combined Health District, Lebanon Ohio

Environmental Health — Private Water Systems

Many residents of Warren County rely on private water systems such as Wells and Cisterns to provide their drinking water because Public Water is not available to their property. Our Environmental Health Staff issues installation permits and conducts inspections of all new and altered (repaired or upgraded) private water systems within Warren County to assure the installation was completed correctly and to code.

In Warren County, new private water systems which include wells, cisterns, hauled water storage tanks, and ponds used for drinking water, are regulated by the Ohio Private Water Systems Regulations (Ohio Administrative Code 3701-28). An Application/Permit for a Private Water System must be issued by the Warren County Combined Health District (WCCHD) prior to installing or altering a private water system.

A private water system provides water to less than 25 people a day. This usually includes all residences and some small businesses not served by a public water system. Systems that regularly serve an average of at least twenty-five individuals daily at least sixty days each year are regulated by the Ohio EPA. Any work on a private water system needs to be conducted by a registered water system contractor who is registered with the Ohio Department of Health (link).

Upon completion of a new water system, a water sample needs to be collected by the health department to determine whether the water is safe to drink. It is being tested for the presence of Total Coliform bacteria. Prior to the water sample collection, the private water system needs to be properly disinfected if it does not have continuous disinfection as part of the system, Disinfection/Shock Chlorination of Wells.

Water samples can be collected on Monday and Wednesday afternoons for new private water systems with a new permit and for private water system owners who are curious about the quality of their drinking water. There is a fee associated with the collection and testing of the water for any existing water system. The first sample on a new system is part of the permit fee. Water sample requests can be made by contacting the office at 513-695-1220.

A new private water system is approved by WCCHD when the appropriate required paperwork is obtained from the water contractor and an acceptable water sample has been obtained from the residence.

Our environmental health staff also provides technical assistance and guidance to homeowners who may be having problems with their existing water system such as low yield of water, discoloration or a bad odor. If needed, an alteration/replacement of the private water system may be recommended. WCCHD staff then works with the registered private water contractor to determine the problem and discuss possible solutions.

Residences that utilize hauled water storage tanks are re-supplied by private water haulers. The Warren County Combined Health District registers Private Water Haulers as part of the Private Water Program on an annual basis. Go HERE and select the Private Water Haulers from the Download Documents on the right side of the page.

Common Contaminants:
Microbiological Standards
MCL Standards List
Additional Site Plan Form
Water System Permit Form
Well Completion Form

If you have any questions regarding the Private Water Systems Program, please contact the staff at the following numbers:

Robert Caughron, R.S., M.S., EH Programs Coordinator


Trent Wren, R.S. Public Health Environmentalist



Back to Top